Information before, during & after Lasik Surgery
Lasik (Laser-assisted in situ kerotamileusis) is also referred as laser vision correction or laser eye surgery. It is a kind of refractive surgery used for the rectification of hypermetropia, myopia and astigmatism. This surgery is performed by an ophthalmologist who makes use of microkeratome or laser in order to reshape the cornea of the eye to enhance the visual acuity. For many patients, Lasik surgery provides the permanent alternative to contact lenses or eyeglasses. Therefore, some important information before, during and after Lasik surgery is important for patient to have clear eye vision.
Before Lasik surgery
Before Lasik surgery, it is necessary to undergo an eye examination by eye doctor. This examination of the eye helps to find whether the person have risk factors and candidate for the surgery. If contacts lenses are used by the person, before the initial test it is required to take lenses out and use glasses full-time. This information before Lasik surgery is very vital because the cornea shape will be affected by contact lenses. This might lead to inaccurate measurements.
At the time of the initial test that is before Lasik surgery, it is very important to talk about past and present conditions of eyes. It is also necessary to talk about the medicines they take as these can affect the surgery or vision. The doctors must discuss the steps to be taken before, during and after surgery. They need to avoid all creams, perfumes, lotions and makeup on the day of surgery.
During Lasik surgery
Lasik surgery takes less than ten minutes, depends upon surgeon to surgeon & machine to machine, to perform on both eyes. During Lasik surgery, both eyes will be cleaned thoroughly, and doctors place numbing eye drops underneath the laser. After the test and confirmation of certain tests, doctors place a lid speculum to keep eyelids open during Lasik surgery. Doctors use the microkeratome or femtosecond laser during surgery to make the corneal flap. After the creation of a flap, microkeratome or femtosecond laser will be removed. They move the flap carefully to expose the corneal tissue.
The laser apparatus will be positioned over the eye. If eyes are in a satisfactory position, then the doctors start the laser treatment. Don’t be scared about the new smells or tickling sounds during Lasik surgery. The laser will ablate the exact amount of your corneal tissue. A shield will be placed around eyes for protection.
After Lasik surgery
After Lasik surgery person, should carefully examine his eyes in all the features. This helps the person from being infected. As soon as the operation is done irritating, and burning sensation will be accustomed in eyes. He/she may feel vision be blurry or may tear out with excess water. All these can be avoided by not rubbing the eyes after Lasik surgery.
Rubbing of eyes leads to dislocation of the corneal flap. If this happens, another procedure has to be carried out in order to make it to the proper position. After Lasik surgery, there may be a feel of discomfort in certain situations. Hence this problem can be avoided by taking pain reliever tablet. In addition to this doctor will prescribe antibiotic drops & artificial tear drops.
The symptoms that would arouse After Lasik surgery are glare, light sensitivity, and reddened eyes. One has to contact doctor immediately if they are suffering from severe pain, and problem with the vision. From the day of operation within the next 24 hours person has to contact the doctor. All tests have to be carried out. Hence have to continue all the antibiotics prescribed.
Doctor always suggests not to expose the eyes to light, and also not to be subjected to any kind of infections from lakes, and wells. The activities such as walking, running all have to be carried out after few days from the day of operation. All these features have to be carried out in a proper manner, if the person wants to recover easily from his artificial tear.
A person should take the advice from his concerned doctor about the products such as body lotion, and all the creams to be used. As these products will cause infection he/, she has to be careful before using it.
Usually person start seeing without glasses immediate after the lasik procedure. But in order to have complete stabilization & healing of cornea it would take around 6 months. Stabilization of cornea has to take place before repetitive operations are carried out.
Contact your Lasik Surgeon immediately, in case you develop any new, unusual or worsening symptoms at any point after surgery. Such symptoms could signal a problem that, if not treated early enough, may lead to a loss of vision
FDA guideline, Information before, during & after Lasik Surgery